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yard (n.1)

"patch of ground around a house," Old English geard "fenced enclosure, garden, court; residence, house," from Proto-Germanic *gardan- (source also of Old Norse garðr "enclosure, garden, yard;" Old Frisian garda, Dutch gaard, Old High German garto, German Garten "garden;" Gothic gards "house," garda "stall"), of uncertain origin, perhaps from PIE *ghor-to-, suffixed form of root *gher- (1) "to grasp, enclose," with derivatives meaning "enclosure."

As "college campus enclosed by the main buildings," 1630s. Shipyard is from c. 1700. In railway usage, "ground adjacent to a train station or terminus, used for switching or coupling trains," 1827. Yard sale is attested by 1976.

yard (n.2)

measure of length, Old English gerd (Mercian), gierd (West Saxon) "rod, staff, stick; measure of length," from West Germanic *gazdijo, from Proto-Germanic *gazdjo "stick, rod" (source also of Old Saxon gerda, Old Frisian ierde, Dutch gard "rod;" Old High German garta, German gerte "switch, twig," Old Norse gaddr "spike, sting, nail"), from PIE root *ghazdh-o- "rod, staff, pole" (source also of Latin hasta "shaft, staff"). The nautical yard-arm retains the original sense of "stick."

Originally in Anglo-Saxon times a land measure of roughly 5 meters (a length later called rod, pole, or perch). Modern measure of "three feet" is attested from late 14c. (earlier rough equivalent was the ell of 45 inches, and the verge). In Middle English and after, the word also was a euphemism for "penis" (as in "Love's Labour's Lost," V.ii.676). Slang meaning "one hundred dollars" first attested 1926, American English. Middle English yerd (Old English gierd) also was "yard-land, yard of land," a varying measure but often about 30 acres or a quarter of a hide.

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Definitions of yard from WordNet

yard (n.)
a unit of length equal to 3 feet; defined as 91.44 centimeters; originally taken to be the average length of a stride;
Synonyms: pace
yard (n.)
the enclosed land around a house or other building;
it was a small house with almost no yard
Synonyms: grounds / curtilage
yard (n.)
a tract of land enclosed for particular activities (sometimes paved and usually associated with buildings);
they opened a repair yard on the edge of town
yard (n.)
the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100;
Synonyms: thousand / one thousand / " / m / k / chiliad / g / grand / thou
yard (n.)
a unit of volume (as for sand or gravel);
Synonyms: cubic yard
yard (n.)
a tract of land where logs are accumulated;
yard (n.)
an area having a network of railway tracks and sidings for storage and maintenance of cars and engines;
Synonyms: railway yard / railyard
yard (n.)
a long horizontal spar tapered at the end and used to support and spread a square sail or lateen;
yard (n.)
an enclosure for animals (as chicken or livestock);
From wordnet.princeton.edu