Etymology
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wonder (n.)

Old English wundor "marvelous thing, miracle, object of astonishment," from Proto-Germanic *wundran (source also of Old Saxon wundar, Middle Dutch, Dutch wonder, Old High German wuntar, German wunder, Old Norse undr), of unknown origin. In Middle English it also came to mean the emotion associated with such a sight (late 13c.). To be no wonder was in Old English. The original wonder drug (1939) was Sulfanilamide.

wonder (v.)

Old English wundrian "be astonished," also "admire; make wonderful, magnify," from the source of wonder (n.). Cognate with Dutch wonderen, Old High German wuntaron, German wundern. Sense of "entertain some doubt or curiosity" is late 13c. Related: Wondered; wondering.

Reflexive use (It wonders me that "I wonder why ...") was common in Middle English and as late as Tindale (1533), and is said to survive in Yorkshire/Lincolnshire. In Pennsylvania German areas it is idiomatic from German das wundert mich.

updated on April 08, 2014

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Definitions of wonder from WordNet
1
wonder (v.)
have a wish or desire to know something;
He wondered who had built this beautiful church
Synonyms: inquire / enquire
wonder (v.)
place in doubt or express doubtful speculation;
I wonder whether this was the right thing to do
she wondered whether it would snow tonight
Synonyms: question
wonder (v.)
be amazed at;
Synonyms: marvel
2
wonder (n.)
the feeling aroused by something strange and surprising;
Synonyms: wonderment / admiration
wonder (n.)
something that causes feelings of wonder;
the wonders of modern science
Synonyms: marvel
wonder (n.)
a state in which you want to learn more about something;
Synonyms: curiosity
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.