Etymology
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wing (n.)

late 12c., wenge, "forelimb fitted for flight of a bird or bat," also the part of some insects resembling a wing in form or function, from Old Norse vængr "wing of a bird, aisle, etc." (cognate with Danish and Swedish vinge "wing"), of unknown origin, perhaps from a Proto-Germanic *we-ingjaz, suffixed form of PIE root *we- "blow" (source of Old English wawan "to blow." Replaced Old English feðra (plural) "wings" (see feather). The meaning "either of two divisions of a political party, army, etc." is first recorded c. 1400; theatrical sense is from 1790.

The slang sense of earn (one's) wings is 1940s, from the wing-shaped badges awarded to air cadets on graduation. To be under (someone's) wing "protected by (someone)" is recorded from early 13c. Phrase on a wing and a prayer is title of a 1943 song about landing a damaged aircraft.

wing (v.)

c. 1600, "take flight;" 1610s, "fit with wings," from wing (n.). Meaning "shoot a bird in the wing" is from 1802, with figurative extensions to wounds suffered in non-essential parts. Verbal phrase wing it (1885) is said to be from a theatrical slang sense of an actor learning his lines in the wings before going onstage, or else not learning them at all and being fed by a prompter in the wings; but perhaps it is simply an image of a baby bird taking flight from the nest for the first time (the phrase is attested in this sense from 1875). Related: Winged; winging.

updated on May 07, 2019

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Definitions of wing from WordNet
1
wing (n.)
a movable organ for flying (one of a pair);
wing (n.)
one of the horizontal airfoils on either side of the fuselage of an airplane;
wing (n.)
a stage area out of sight of the audience;
Synonyms: offstage / backstage
wing (n.)
a unit of military aircraft;
wing (n.)
the side of military or naval formation;
Synonyms: flank
wing (n.)
a hockey player stationed in a forward position on either side;
wing (n.)
(in flight formation) a position to the side and just to the rear of another aircraft;
wing (n.)
a group within a political party or legislature or other organization that holds distinct views or has a particular function;
they are the progressive wing of the Republican Party
wing (n.)
the wing of a fowl;
he preferred the drumsticks to the wings
wing (n.)
a barrier that surrounds the wheels of a vehicle to block splashing water or mud;
in Britain they call a fender a wing
Synonyms: fender
wing (n.)
an addition that extends a main building;
Synonyms: annex / annexe / extension
2
wing (v.)
travel through the air; be airborne;
Synonyms: fly
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.