wind (n.1)

"air in motion," Old English wind "wind," from Proto-Germanic *winda- (source also of Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch, Dutch wind, Old Norse vindr, Old High German wind, German Wind, Gothic winds), from PIE *wē-nt-o‑ "blowing," suffixed (participial) form of root *we- "to blow."

Normal pronunciation evolution made this word rhyme with kind and rind (Donne rhymes it with mind and Thomas Moore with behind), but it shifted to a short vowel 18c., probably from influence of windy, where the short vowel is natural. A sad loss for poets, who now must rhyme it only with sinned and a handful of weak words. Symbolic of emptiness and vanity since late 13c.

I have forgot much, Cynara! gone with the wind. [Ernest Dowson, 1896]

Meaning "breath" is attested from late Old English; especially "breath in speaking" (early 14c.), so long-winded, also "easy or regular breathing" (early 14c.), hence second wind in the figurative sense (by 1830), an image from the sport of hunting.

Winds "wind instruments of an orchestra" is from 1876. Figurative phrase which way the wind blows for "the current state of affairs" is suggested from c. 1400. To get wind of "receive information about" is by 1809, perhaps inspired by French avoir le vent de. To take the wind out of (one's) sails in the figurative sense (by 1883) is an image from sailing, where a ship without wind can make no progress. Wind-chill index is recorded from 1939. Wind energy from 1976. Wind vane from 1725.

wind (v.1)

"move by turning and twisting," Old English windan "to turn, twist, plait, curl, brandish, swing" (class III strong verb; past tense wand, past participle wunden), from Proto-Germanic *windan "to wind" (source also of Old Saxon windan, Old Norse vinda, Old Frisian winda, Dutch winden, Old High German wintan, German winden, Gothic windan "to wind"), from PIE *wendh- "to turn, wind, weave" (source also of Latin viere "twist, plait, weave," vincire "bind;" Lithuanian vyti "twist, wind").

Related to wend, which is its causative form, and to wander. The past tense and past participle merged in Middle English. Meaning "to twine, entwine oneself around" is from 1590s; transitive sense of "turn or twist round and round (on something) is from c. 1300. Meaning "set a watch, clockwork, etc. in operating mode by tightening its spring" is from c. 1600. Wind down "come to a conclusion" is recorded from 1952; wind up "come to a conclusion" is from 1825; earlier in transitive sense "put (affairs) in order in advance of a final settlement" (1780). Winding sheet "shroud of a corpse" is attested from early 15c.

wind (v.2)

"to perceive by scent, get wind of," c. 1400, from wind (n.1). Of horns, etc., "make sound by blowing through," from 1580s. Meaning "tire, put out of breath; render temporarily breathless" is from 1802, originally in pugilism, in reference to the effect of a punch in the stomach. Related: Winded; winding.

wind (n.2)

"an act of winding round," 1825, from wind (v.1) . Earlier, "an apparatus for winding," late 14c., in which use perhaps from a North Sea Germanic word, such as Middle Dutch, Middle Low German winde "windlass."

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Definitions of wind from WordNet
wind (n.)
air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure;
trees bent under the fierce winds
when there is no wind, row
Synonyms: air current / current of air
wind (n.)
a tendency or force that influences events;
the winds of change
wind (n.)
the collision knocked the wind out of him
wind (n.)
empty rhetoric or insincere or exaggerated talk;
that's a lot of wind
Synonyms: malarkey / malarky / idle words / jazz / nothingness
wind (n.)
an indication of potential opportunity;
Synonyms: tip / lead / steer / confidential information / hint
wind (n.)
a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by an enclosed column of air that is moved by bellows or the human breath;
Synonyms: wind instrument
wind (n.)
a reflex that expels intestinal gas through the anus;
Synonyms: fart / farting / flatus / breaking wind
wind (n.)
the act of winding or twisting;
he put the key in the old clock and gave it a good wind
Synonyms: winding / twist
wind (v.)
to move or cause to move in a sinuous, spiral, or circular course;
the river winds through the hills
Synonyms: weave / thread / meander / wander
wind (v.)
extend in curves and turns;
The road winds around the lake
Synonyms: twist / curve
wind (v.)
arrange or or coil around;
Synonyms: wrap / roll / twine
wind (v.)
catch the scent of; get wind of;
Synonyms: scent / nose
wind (v.)
coil the spring of (some mechanical device) by turning a stem;
wind your watch
Synonyms: wind up
wind (v.)
form into a wreath;
Synonyms: wreathe
wind (v.)
raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help;
Synonyms: hoist / lift