Etymology
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wince (v.)

c. 1300, wincen; mid-13c. winchen, "to recoil suddenly," from Anglo-French *wenchir, Old North French *wenchier (Old French guenchir) "to turn aside, avoid," from Frankish *wenkjan, from Proto-Germanic *wankjan (source also of Old High German wankon "to stagger, totter," Old Norse vakka "to stray, hover;" see wink (v.)). Originally of horses. Modern form is attested from late 13c. Related: Winced; wincing.

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Definitions of wince
1
wince (v.)
draw back, as with fear or pain;
Synonyms: flinch / squinch / funk / cringe / shrink / recoil / quail
wince (v.)
make a face indicating disgust or dislike;
She winced when she heard his pompous speech
2
wince (n.)
the facial expression of sudden pain;
wince (n.)
a reflex response to sudden pain;
Synonyms: flinch
From wordnet.princeton.edu