Etymology
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whole (adj.)

Old English hal "entire, whole; unhurt, uninjured, safe; healthy, sound; genuine, straightforward," from Proto-Germanic *haila- "undamaged" (source also of Old Saxon hel, Old Norse heill, Old Frisian hal, Middle Dutch hiel, Dutch heel, Old High German, German heil "salvation, welfare"), from PIE *kailo- "whole, uninjured, of good omen" (source also of Old Church Slavonic celu "whole, complete;" see health).

The spelling with wh- developed early 15c. The sense in whole number is from early 14c. Whole milk is from 1782. On the whole "considering all facts or circumstances" is from 1690s. For phrase whole hog, see hog (n.).

whole (n.)

"entire body or company; the full amount," late 14c., from whole (adj.).

updated on April 17, 2014

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Definitions of whole from WordNet
1
whole (adj.)
(of siblings) having the same parents;
whole brothers and sisters
whole (adj.)
including all components without exception; being one unit or constituting the full amount or extent or duration; complete;
gave his whole attention
the whole hog
a whole loaf of bread
a whole wardrobe for the tropics
the baby cried the whole trip home
a whole week
whole (adj.)
not injured or harmed;
Synonyms: unharmed / unhurt / unscathed
whole (adj.)
exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health;
a whole person again
whole in mind and body
Synonyms: hale
whole (adj.)
acting together as a single undiversified whole;
Synonyms: solid / unanimous
2
whole (n.)
all of something including all its component elements or parts;
Europe considered as a whole
the whole of American literature
whole (n.)
an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity;
how big is that part compared to the whole?
Synonyms: unit
3
whole (adv.)
to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly');
a whole new idea
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.