Etymology
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wash (v.)

Old English wascan "to wash, cleanse, bathe," transitive sense in late Old English, from Proto-Germanic *watskan "to wash" (source also of Old Norse vaska, Middle Dutch wasscen, Dutch wassen, German waschen), from PIE root *wed- (1) "water; wet." Related: Washed; washing.

Used mainly of clothes in Old English (the principal verb for washing the body, dishes, etc. being þwean). Old French gaschier "to stain, soil; soak, wash" (Modern French gâcher) is from Frankish *waskan, from the same Germanic source. Italian guazzare also is a Germanic loan-word. To wash (one's) hands of something is 1550s, from Pilate in Matthew xxvii.24. To wash up "clean utensils after a meal" is from 1751. Washed up "no longer effective" is 1923, theater slang, from notion of washing up at the end of a job.

wash (n.)

late Old English wæsc "act of washing," from wash (v.). Meaning "clothes set aside to be washed" is attested from 1789; meaning "thin coat of paint" is recorded from 1690s; sense of "land alternately covered and exposed by the sea" is recorded from mid-15c.

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Definitions of wash
1
wash (v.)
clean with some chemical process;
Synonyms: rinse
wash (v.)
cleanse (one's body) with soap and water;
Synonyms: lave
wash (v.)
cleanse with a cleaning agent, such as soap, and water;
Synonyms: launder
wash (v.)
move by or as if by water;
The swollen river washed away the footbridge
wash (v.)
be capable of being washed;
Does this material wash?
wash (v.)
admit to testing or proof;
This silly excuse won't wash in traffic court
wash (v.)
separate dirt or gravel from (precious minerals);
wash (v.)
apply a thin coating of paint, metal, etc., to;
wash (v.)
remove by the application of water or other liquid and soap or some other cleaning agent;
The nurse washed away the blood
he managed to wash out the stains
Can you wash away the spots on the windows?
he washed the dirt from his coat
Synonyms: wash out / wash off / wash away
wash (v.)
form by erosion;
The river washed a ravine into the mountainside
wash (v.)
make moist;
Synonyms: moisten / dampen
wash (v.)
wash or flow against;
Synonyms: lave / lap
wash (v.)
to cleanse (itself or another animal) by licking;
The cat washes several times a day
2
wash (n.)
a thin coat of water-base paint;
wash (n.)
the work of cleansing (usually with soap and water);
Synonyms: washing / lavation
wash (n.)
the dry bed of an intermittent stream (as at the bottom of a canyon);
Synonyms: dry wash
wash (n.)
the erosive process of washing away soil or gravel by water (as from a roadway);
Synonyms: washout
wash (n.)
the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller;
Synonyms: slipstream / airstream / race / backwash
wash (n.)
a watercolor made by applying a series of monochrome washes one over the other;
Synonyms: wash drawing
wash (n.)
garments or white goods that can be cleaned by laundering;
Synonyms: laundry / washing / washables
wash (n.)
any enterprise in which losses and gains cancel out;
at the end of the year the accounting department showed that it was a wash
From wordnet.princeton.edu