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vomit (n.)

late 14c., "act of expelling contents of the stomach through the mouth," from Anglo-French vomit, Old French vomite, from Latin vomitus, from vomitare "to vomit often," frequentative of vomere "to puke, spew forth, discharge," from PIE root *weme- "to spit, vomit" (source also of Greek emein "to vomit," emetikos "provoking sickness;" Sanskrit vamati "he vomits;" Avestan vam- "to spit;" Lithuanian vemti "to vomit," Old Norse væma "seasickness"). In reference to the matter so ejected, it is attested from late 14c.

vomit (v.)

early 15c., from Latin vomitus, past participle of vomitare (see vomit (n.)). Related: Vomited; vomiting.

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Definitions of vomit from WordNet
1
vomit (n.)
the matter ejected in vomiting;
Synonyms: vomitus / puke / barf
vomit (n.)
a medicine that induces nausea and vomiting;
Synonyms: emetic / vomitive / nauseant
vomit (n.)
the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth;
Synonyms: vomiting / emesis / regurgitation / disgorgement / puking
2
vomit (v.)
eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth;
After drinking too much, the students vomited
Synonyms: vomit up / purge / cast / sick / cat / be sick / disgorge / regorge / retch / puke / barf / spew / spue / chuck / upchuck / honk / regurgitate / throw up
From wordnet.princeton.edu