Etymology
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visit (v.)

c. 1200, "come to (a person) to comfort or benefit," from Old French visiter "to visit; inspect, examine; afflict" (12c.) and directly from Latin visitare "to go to see, come to inspect," frequentative of visere "behold, visit" (a person or place), from past participle stem of videre "to see, notice, observe" (from PIE root *weid- "to see"). Originally of the deity, later of pastors and doctors (c. 1300), general sense of "pay a call" is from mid-13c. Meaning "come upon, afflict" (in reference to sickness, punishment, etc.) is recorded in English from mid-14c. Related: Visited; visiting.

visit (n.)

1620s, "friendly or formal call upon someone," from visit (v.) and from French visite (n.). From 1800 as "short or temporary trip to some place." With pay (v.) since 1650s.

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Definitions of visit
1
visit (v.)
go to see a place, as for entertainment;
Synonyms: see
visit (v.)
go to certain places as for sightseeing;
Did you ever visit Paris?
Synonyms: travel to
visit (v.)
pay a brief visit;
Synonyms: call in / call
visit (v.)
come to see in an official or professional capacity;
The governor visited the prison
The grant administrator visited the laboratory
Synonyms: inspect
visit (v.)
impose something unpleasant;
The principal visited his rage on the students
Synonyms: inflict / bring down / impose
visit (v.)
talk socially without exchanging too much information;
Synonyms: chew the fat / shoot the breeze / chat / confabulate / confab / chitchat / chit-chat / chatter / chaffer / natter / gossip / jaw / claver
visit (v.)
stay with as a guest;
Every summer, we visited our relatives in the country for a month
visit (v.)
assail;
He was visited with a terrible illness that killed him quickly
2
visit (n.)
the act of going to see some person or place or thing for a short time;
he dropped by for a visit
visit (n.)
a meeting arranged by the visitor to see someone (such as a doctor or lawyer) for treatment or advice;
he scheduled a visit to the dentist
visit (n.)
the act of visiting in an official capacity (as for an inspection);
visit (n.)
the act of going to see some person in a professional capacity;
a visit to the dentist
visit (n.)
a temporary stay (e.g., as a guest);
Synonyms: sojourn
From wordnet.princeton.edu