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vindication (n.)

late 15c., "act of avenging, revenge," from Old French vindicacion "vengeance, revenge" and directly from Latin vindicationem (nominative vindicatio) "act of claiming or avenging," noun of action from past participle stem of vindicare "lay claim to, assert; claim for freedom, set free; protect, defend; avenge" (related to vindicta "revenge"), probably from vim dicare "to show authority," from vim, accusative of vis "force" (see vim) + dicare "to proclaim" (from PIE root *deik- "to show," also "pronounce solemnly"). Meaning "justification by proof, defense against censure" is attested from 1640s.

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Definitions of vindication from WordNet

vindication (n.)
the act of vindicating or defending against criticism or censure etc.;
friends provided a vindication of his position
Synonyms: exoneration
vindication (n.)
the justification for some act or belief;
Synonyms: defense / defence
From wordnet.princeton.edu