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vertical (adj.)

1550s, "of or at the vertex, directly overhead," from French vertical (1540s), from Late Latin verticalis "overhead," from Latin vertex (genitive verticis) "highest point" (see vertex). Meaning "straight up and down" is first recorded 1704. As a noun meaning "the vertical position or line" from 1834. Related: Vertically.

Origin and meaning of vertical

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Definitions of vertical
1
vertical (adj.)
at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line;
a vertical camera angle
the monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab
Synonyms: perpendicular
vertical (adj.)
relating to or involving all stages of a business from production to distribution;
vertical (adj.)
upright in position or posture;
a column still vertical amid the ruins
Synonyms: erect / upright
vertical (adj.)
of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group);
vertical social mobility
2
vertical (n.)
something that is oriented vertically;
vertical (n.)
a vertical structural member as a post or stake;
Synonyms: upright
From wordnet.princeton.edu