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veil (n.)

c. 1200, "nun's head covering," from Anglo-French and Old North French veil (12c., Modern French voile) "a head-covering," also "a sail, a curtain," from Latin vela, plural of velum "sail, curtain, covering," from PIE root *weg- (1) "to weave a web." Vela was mistaken in Vulgar Latin for a feminine singular noun. To take the veil "become a nun" is attested from early 14c.

veil (v.)

late 14c., from Old French veler, voiller (12c.), from Latin velare "to cover, veil," from velum "a cloth, covering, curtain, veil," literally "a sail" (see veil (n.)). Figurative sense of "to conceal, mask, disguise" (something immaterial) is recorded from 1530s. Related: Veiled; veiling.

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Definitions of veil from WordNet
1
veil (n.)
a garment that covers the head and face;
Synonyms: head covering
veil (n.)
a membranous covering attached to the immature fruiting body of certain mushrooms;
Synonyms: velum
veil (n.)
the inner membrane of embryos in higher vertebrates (especially when covering the head at birth);
Synonyms: caul / embryonic membrane
veil (n.)
a vestment worn by a priest at High Mass in the Roman Catholic Church; a silk shawl;
Synonyms: humeral veil
2
veil (v.)
to obscure, or conceal with or as if with a veil;
women in Afghanistan veil their faces
veil (v.)
make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing;
a veiled threat
Synonyms: obscure / blot out / obliterate / hide
From wordnet.princeton.edu