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vacation (n.)

late 14c., "freedom from obligations, leisure, release" (from some activity or occupation), from Old French vacacion "vacancy, vacant position" (14c.) and directly from Latin vacationem (nominative vacatio) "leisure, freedom, exemption, a being free from duty, immunity earned by service," noun of state from past-participle stem of vacare "be empty, free, or at leisure," from PIE *wak-, extended form of root *eue- "to leave, abandon, give out."

Meanings "state of being unoccupied," "process of vacating" in English are early 15c. Meaning "formal suspension of activity, time in which there is an intermission of usual employment" (in reference to schools, courts, etc.) is recorded from mid-15c. As the U.S. equivalent of what in Britain is called a holiday, it is attested from 1878.

vacation (v.)

1866, from vacation (n.). Related: Vacationed; vacationing.

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Definitions of vacation from WordNet
1
vacation (n.)
leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure;
we get two weeks of vacation every summer
Synonyms: holiday
vacation (n.)
the act of making something legally void;
2
vacation (v.)
spend or take a vacation;
Synonyms: holiday
From wordnet.princeton.edu