unemployed (adj.)

1600, "at leisure, not occupied," from un- (1) "not" + past participle of employ (v.). Meaning "temporarily out of work" is from 1660s. There seems not to have been a verb *unemploy, but disemploy was used (1610s). The noun meaning "unemployed persons collectively" is from 1782.

No man has hired us
With pocketed hands
And lowered faces
We stand about in open places
And shiver in unlit rooms ...
[T.S. Eliot, from "Choruses from the Rock"]

Others are reading

Definitions of unemployed from WordNet
unemployed (n.)
people who are involuntarily out of work (considered as a group);
the long-term unemployed need assistance
Synonyms: unemployed people
unemployed (adj.)
not engaged in a gainful occupation;
unemployed workers marched on the capital