Etymology
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turpentine (n.)

early 14c., "semi-liquid resin of the terebinth tree," terbentyn, from Old French terebinte "turpentine" (13c.), from Latin terebintha resina "resin of the terebinth tree," from Greek rhetine terebinthe, from fem. of terebinthos (see terebinth). By 16c. applied generally to resins from fir trees.

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Definitions of turpentine

turpentine (n.)
obtained from conifers (especially pines);
Synonyms: gum terpentine
turpentine (n.)
volatile liquid distilled from turpentine oleoresin; used as paint thinner and solvent and medicinally;
Synonyms: oil of turpentine / spirit of turpentine / turps
From wordnet.princeton.edu