Etymology
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turnip (n.)

c. 1500, turnepe, probably from turn (from its shape, as though turned on a lathe) + Middle English nepe "turnip," from Old English næp, from Latin napus "turnip." The modern form of the word emerged late 18c.

updated on February 20, 2014

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Definitions of turnip from WordNet

turnip (n.)
widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root;
Synonyms: white turnip / Brassica rapa
turnip (n.)
root of any of several members of the mustard family;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.