Etymology
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trump (n.1)

"playing card of a suit ranking above others," 1520s, alteration of triumph (n.), which also was the name of a card game.

trump (n.2)

"trumpet," c. 1300, from Old French trompe "long, tube-like musical wind instrument" (12c.), cognate with Provençal tromba, Italian tromba, all probably from a Germanic source (compare Old High German trumpa, Old Norse trumba "trumpet"), of imitative origin.

trump (v.1)

"surpass, beat," 1580s, from trump (n.). Related: Trumped; trumping.

trump (v.2)

"fabricate, devise," 1690s, from trump "deceive, cheat" (1510s), from Middle English trumpen (late 14c.), from Old French tromper "to deceive," of uncertain origin. Apparently from se tromper de "to mock," from Old French tromper "to blow a trumpet." Brachet explains this as "to play the horn, alluding to quacks and mountebanks, who attracted the public by blowing a horn, and then cheated them into buying ...." The Hindley Old French dictionary has baillier la trompe "blow the trumpet" as "act the fool," and Donkin connects it rather to trombe "waterspout," on the notion of turning (someone) around. Connection with triumph also has been proposed. Related: Trumped; trumping. Trumped up "false, concocted" first recorded 1728.

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Definitions of trump
1
trump (v.)
produce a sound as if from a trumpet;
trump (v.)
get the better of;
Synonyms: outdo / outflank / best / scoop
trump (v.)
play a trump;
Synonyms: ruff
trump (v.)
proclaim or announce with or as if with a fanfare;
Synonyms: trump out
2
trump (n.)
a playing card in the suit that has been declared trumps;
the ace of trumps is a sure winner
Synonyms: trump card
trump (n.)
(card games) the suit that has been declared to rank above all other suits for the duration of the hand;
clubs were declared trumps
a trump can take a trick even when a card of a different suit is led
trump (n.)
a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves;
Synonyms: cornet / horn / trumpet
From wordnet.princeton.edu