Etymology
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triumph (n.)

late 14c., "success in battle, conquest," also "spiritual victory" and "a procession celebrating victory in war," from Old French triumphe (12c., Modern French triomphe), from Latin triumphus "an achievement, a success; celebratory procession for a victorious general or admiral," from Old Latin triumpus, probably via Etruscan from Greek thriambos "hymn to Dionysus," a loan-word from a pre-Hellenic language.

triumph (v.)

mid-15c., from Old French triumpher (13c.), from Latin triumphare, from triumphus (see triumph (n.)). Related: Triumphed; triumphing.

updated on February 17, 2014

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Definitions of triumph from WordNet
1
triumph (v.)
prove superior;
Synonyms: prevail
triumph (v.)
be ecstatic with joy;
Synonyms: wallow / rejoice
triumph (v.)
dwell on with satisfaction;
Synonyms: gloat / crow
triumph (v.)
to express great joy;
Synonyms: exuberate / exult / rejoice / jubilate
2
triumph (n.)
a successful ending of a struggle or contest;
the agreement was a triumph for common sense
Synonyms: victory
triumph (n.)
the exultation of victory;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.