Etymology
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treble (adj.)

"three times, triple," c. 1300, from Old French treble (12c.), from Latin triplus "threefold" (see triple). Related: Trebly.

treble (v.)

"to multiply by three," early 14c., from Old French trebler, from treble "triple" (see treble (adj.)). Related: Trebled; trebling.

I recollect once talking with one of the first men in America, who was narrating to me the advantages which might have accrued to him if he had followed up a certain speculation, when he said, "Sir, if I had done so, I should not only have doubled and trebled, but I should have fourbled and fivebled my money." [Capt. Marryat, "A Diary in America," 1839]

treble (n.)

"highest part in music, soprano," mid-14c., from Anglo-French treble, Old French treble "a third part," noun use of adjective (see treble (adj.)). In early contrapuntal music, the chief melody was in the tenor, and the treble was the "third" part above it (after the alto).

updated on October 14, 2017

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Definitions of treble from WordNet
1
treble (adj.)
having or denoting a high range;
the boy still had a fine treble voice
the treble clef
Synonyms: soprano
treble (adj.)
three times as great or many;
a claim for treble (or triple) damages
Synonyms: threefold / three-fold / triple
treble (adj.)
having three units or components or elements;
a treble row of red beads
Synonyms: ternary / triple / triplex
treble (adj.)
having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities; "the office of a clergyman is twofold; public preaching and private influence"- R.W.Emerson; "every episode has its double and treble meaning"-Frederick Harrison;
Synonyms: double / dual / twofold / two-fold / threefold / three-fold
2
treble (v.)
sing treble;
treble (v.)
increase threefold;
Synonyms: triple
3
treble (n.)
the pitch range of the highest female voice;
Synonyms: soprano
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.