Etymology
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transposition (n.)

1530s, from French transposition or directly from Medieval Latin transpositionem (nominative transpositio), noun of action from past-participle stem of transponere "to place over, set over" (see transpose).

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Definitions of transposition

transposition (n.)
any abnormal position of the organs of the body;
Synonyms: heterotaxy
transposition (n.)
an event in which one thing is substituted for another;
transposition (n.)
(genetics) a kind of mutation in which a chromosomal segment is transfered to a new position on the same or another chromosome;
transposition (n.)
(mathematics) the transfer of a quantity from one side of an equation to the other along with a change of sign;
transposition (n.)
(electricity) a rearrangement of the relative positions of power lines in order to minimize the effects of mutual capacitance and inductance;
he wrote a textbook on the electrical effects of transposition
transposition (n.)
the act of reversing the order or place of;
Synonyms: reversal
transposition (n.)
(music) playing in a different key from the key intended; moving the pitch of a piece of music upwards or downwards;
From wordnet.princeton.edu