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train (n.)

early 14c., "a drawing out, delay;" late 14c., "trailing part of a skirt, gown, or cloak;" also "retinue, procession," from Old French train "tracks, path, trail (of a robe or gown); act of dragging," from trainer "to pull, drag, draw," from Vulgar Latin *traginare, extended from *tragere "to pull," back-formation from tractus, past participle of Latin trahere "to pull, draw" (see tract (n.1)).,

General sense of "series, progression, succession, continuous course" is from late 15c.; train of thought is attested from 1650s. The railroad sense "locomotive and the cars coupled to it" is recorded from 1820 (publication year, dated 1816), from the notion of a "trailing succession" of wagons or carriages pulled by a mechanical engine.

train (v.)

"to discipline, teach, bring to a desired state by means of instruction," 1540s, probably from earlier sense of "draw out and manipulate in order to bring to a desired form" (late 14c.), specifically of the growth of branches, vines, etc. from mid-15c.; from train (n.). Sense of "point or aim" (a firearm, etc.) is from 1841. Sense of "fit oneself for a performance by a regimen or exercise" is from 1832. The meaning "to travel by railway" is recorded from 1856. Related: Trained; training.

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Definitions of train from WordNet
1
train (v.)
create by training and teaching;
The old master is training world-class violinists
Synonyms: develop / prepare / educate
train (v.)
undergo training or instruction in preparation for a particular role, function, or profession;
He trained as a legal aid
She is training to be a teacher
Synonyms: prepare
train (v.)
develop (a child's or animal's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;
Is this dog trained?
Synonyms: discipline / check / condition
train (v.)
educate for a future role or function;
They trained him to be a warrior
Synonyms: prepare / groom
train (v.)
teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment;
Synonyms: educate / school / cultivate / civilize / civilise
train (v.)
point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards;
Don't train your camera on the women
He trained his gun on the burglar
Synonyms: aim / take / take aim / direct
train (v.)
teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports;
He is training our Olympic team
Synonyms: coach
train (v.)
exercise in order to prepare for an event or competition;
She is training for the Olympics
train (v.)
cause to grow in a certain way by tying and pruning it;
train the vine
train (v.)
travel by rail or train;
She trained to Hamburg
Synonyms: rail
train (v.)
drag loosely along a surface; allow to sweep the ground;
She trained her long scarf behind her
Synonyms: trail
2
train (n.)
public transport provided by a line of railway cars coupled together and drawn by a locomotive;
express trains don't stop at Princeton Junction
Synonyms: railroad train
train (n.)
a sequentially ordered set of things or events or ideas in which each successive member is related to the preceding;
a train of thought
train of mourners
Synonyms: string
train (n.)
a procession (of wagons or mules or camels) traveling together in single file;
they joined the wagon train for safety
Synonyms: caravan / wagon train
train (n.)
a series of consequences wrought by an event;
it led to a train of disasters
train (n.)
piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor;
the bride's train was carried by her two young nephews
train (n.)
wheelwork consisting of a connected set of rotating gears by which force is transmitted or motion or torque is changed;
Synonyms: gearing / gear / geartrain / power train
From wordnet.princeton.edu