Etymology
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totem (n.)

animal or natural object considered as the emblem of a family or clan, 1760, from Algonquian (probably Ojibwa) -doodem, in odoodeman "his sibling kin, his group or family," hence, "his family mark;" also attested in French c. 1600 in form aoutem among the Micmacs or other Indians of Nova Scotia. Totem pole is 1808, in reference to west coast Canadian Indians.

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Definitions of totem

totem (n.)
a clan or tribe identified by their kinship to a common totemic object;
totem (n.)
emblem consisting of an object such as an animal or plant; serves as the symbol of a family or clan (especially among American Indians);
From wordnet.princeton.edu