Etymology
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topography (n.)

early 15c., "description of a place," from Late Latin topographia, from Greek topographia "a description of a place," from topos "place" (see topos) + -graphia (see -graphy). Meaning "collective features of a region" is from 1847. Related: Topographic; topographical; topographically.

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Definitions of topography

topography (n.)
the configuration of a surface and the relations among its man-made and natural features;
topography (n.)
precise detailed study of the surface features of a region;
From wordnet.princeton.edu