Etymology
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tonsure (n.)

late 14c., "shaving of the head or part of it," especially as a religious rite, from Anglo-French tonsure (mid-14c.), Old French tonsure "ecclesiastical tonsure; sheep-shearing" (14c.), from Latin tonsura "a shearing, clipping," from tonsus, past participle of tondere "to shear, shave, clip, crop," from PIE *tend-, from root *tem- "to cut." The verb is attested from 1706 (implied in tonsured). Related: Tonsuring.

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Definitions of tonsure
1
tonsure (n.)
the shaved crown of a monk's or priest's head;
tonsure (n.)
shaving the crown of the head by priests or members of a monastic order;
2
tonsure (v.)
shave the head of a newly inducted monk;
From wordnet.princeton.edu