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tongue (n.)

Old English tunge "tongue, organ of speech; speech, a people's language," from Proto-Germanic *tungō (source also of Old Saxon and Old Norse tunga, Old Frisian tunge, Middle Dutch tonghe, Dutch tong, Old High German zunga, German Zunge, Gothic tuggo), from PIE root *dnghu- "tongue."

For substitution of -o- for -u-, see come. The spelling of the ending of the word apparently is a 14c. attempt to indicate proper pronunciation, but the result is "neither etymological nor phonetic, and is only in a very small degree historical" [OED]. In the "knowledge of a foreign language" sense in the Pentecostal miracle, from 1520s. Tongue-tied is first recorded 1520s. To hold (one's) tongue "refrain from speaking" was in Old English. Johnson has tonguepad "A great talker."

Bewar of tungis double and deceyuable,
Which with ther venym infect ech companye,
Ther poynaunt poisoun is so penetrable.
[John Lydgate, Fall of Princes (c.1439)]

tongue (v.)

"to touch with the tongue, lick," 1680s, from tongue (n.). Earlier as a verb it meant "drive out by order or reproach" (late 14c.). Related: Tongued; tonguing.

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Definitions of tongue from WordNet
1
tongue (n.)
a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity;
Synonyms: lingua / glossa / clapper
tongue (n.)
a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language;
Synonyms: natural language
tongue (n.)
any long thin projection that is transient;
tongues of flame licked at the walls
Synonyms: knife
tongue (n.)
a manner of speaking;
she has a glib tongue
he spoke with a thick tongue
tongue (n.)
a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea;
Synonyms: spit
tongue (n.)
the tongue of certain animals used as meat;
tongue (n.)
the flap of material under the laces of a shoe or boot;
tongue (n.)
metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound by hitting the side;
Synonyms: clapper
2
tongue (v.)
articulate by tonguing, as when playing wind instruments;
tongue (v.)
lick or explore with the tongue;
From wordnet.princeton.edu