Etymology
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Words related to thorax

cephalothorax (n.)

"front part of crustaceans, spiders, etc., consisting of the head and thorax blended together," 1829, from cephalo- "head" + thorax. Perhaps from French or German.

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pneumothorax (n.)

"presence of air in the pleural cavity," 1821, from French pneumothorax (1803), coined by French physician Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1774-1838) from Greek pneumon "lung" (see pneumo-) + thorax.

thoracic (adj.)
1650s, from stem of thorax + -ic, or else from Medieval Latin thoracicus.
thoracotomy (n.)

1890, from combining form of thorax + -ectomy "a cutting, surgical removal."