Etymology
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terrier (n.)

kind of dog, early 15c., from Old French chien terrier "terrier dog," literally "earth dog," from Medieval Latin terrarius "of earth," from Latin terra "earth" (from PIE root *ters- "to dry"). So called because the dogs pursue their quarry (foxes, badgers, etc.) into their burrows.

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Definitions of terrier

terrier (n.)
any of several usually small short-bodied breeds originally trained to hunt animals living underground;
From wordnet.princeton.edu