Etymology
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temporal (adj.)

late 14c., "worldly, secular;" also "terrestrial, earthly; temporary, lasting only for a time," from Old French temporal "earthly," and directly from Latin temporalis "of time, denoting time; but for a time, temporary," from tempus (genitive temporis) "time, season, moment, proper time or season," from Proto-Italic *tempos- "stretch, measure," which according to de Vaan is from PIE *temp-os "stretched," from root *ten- "to stretch," the notion being "stretch of time." Related: Temporally.

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Definitions of temporal
1
temporal (adj.)
not eternal; "temporal matters of but fleeting moment"- F.D.Roosevelt;
temporal (adj.)
of or relating to or limited by time;
music is a temporal art
temporal dimensions
temporal processing
temporal and spacial boundaries
temporal (adj.)
of or relating to the temples (the sides of the skull behind the orbit);
temporal bone
temporal (adj.)
of this earth or world;
temporal joys
our temporal existence
temporal (adj.)
characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world;
temporal possessions of the church
Synonyms: worldly / secular
2
temporal (n.)
the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the time of the state or action denoted by the verb;
Synonyms: temporal role
From wordnet.princeton.edu