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temperament (n.)

late 14c., "proportioned mixture of elements," from Latin temperamentum "proper mixture, a mixing in due proportion," from temperare "to mix in due proportion, modify, blend; restrain oneself" (see temper (v.)). In old medicine, it meant a combination of qualities (hot, cold, moist, dry) that determined the nature of an organism; thus also "a combination of the four humors (sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, and melancholic) that made up a person's characteristic disposition." General sense of "habit of mind, natural disposition" is from 1821.

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Definitions of temperament from WordNet

temperament (n.)
your usual mood;
Synonyms: disposition
temperament (n.)
excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability (especially when displayed openly);
temperament (n.)
an adjustment of the intervals (as in tuning a keyboard instrument) so that the scale can be used to play in different keys;
From wordnet.princeton.edu