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tag (n.1)

"small, hanging piece from a garment," c. 1400, of uncertain origin but probably from a Scandinavian source (compare Norwegian tagg "point, prong, barb," Swedish tagg "prickle, thorn") and related to Middle Low German tagge "branch, twig, spike"), from Proto-Germanic *tag-. The sense development might be "point of metal at the end of a cord, string, etc.," hence "part hanging loose." Or perhaps ultimately from PIE *dek-, a root forming words referring to "fringe; horsetail; locks of hair" (see tail (n.1)).

Meaning "a label" is first recorded 1835; sense of "automobile license-plate" is recorded from 1935, originally underworld slang. Meaning "an epithet, popular designation" is recorded from 1961, hence slang verb meaning "write graffiti in public places" (1990).

tag (n.2)

"children's game," 1738 (in reference to "Queen Mary's reign"), perhaps a variation of Scottish tig "touch, tap" (1721), probably an alteration of Middle English tek "touch, tap" (see tick (n.2)). Baseball sense is from 1912. It's not an acronym and doesn't stand for anything.

tag (v.1)

"to furnish with a tag," late 14c. (implied in tagged), from tag (n.1). Meaning "go along as a follower" is from 1670s; sense of "follow closely and persistently" is from 1884. Related: Tagging. Verbal phrase tag along is first recorded 1900.

tag (v.2)

"a touch in the game of tag," 1878; in baseball, 1904, from tag (n.2); the adjective in the pro-wrestling sense is recorded from 1955. Related: Tagged; tagging.

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Definitions of tag
1
tag (v.)
attach a tag or label to;
Synonyms: label / mark
tag (v.)
touch a player while he is holding the ball;
tag (v.)
provide with a name or nickname;
tag (v.)
go after with the intent to catch;
Synonyms: chase / chase after / trail / tail / give chase / dog / go after / track
tag (v.)
supply (blank verse or prose) with rhymes;
2
tag (n.)
a label written or printed on paper, cardboard, or plastic that is attached to something to indicate its owner, nature, price, etc.;
Synonyms: ticket
tag (n.)
a label associated with something for the purpose of identification;
semantic tags were attached in order to identify different meanings of the word
tag (n.)
a small piece of cloth or paper;
Synonyms: rag / shred / tag end / tatter
tag (n.)
a game in which one child chases the others; the one who is caught becomes the next chaser;
tag (n.)
(sports) the act of touching a player in a game (which changes their status in the game);
From wordnet.princeton.edu