Etymology
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survey (v.)

c. 1400, "to consider, contemplate," from Anglo-French surveier, Old French sorveoir "look (down) at, look upon, notice; guard, watch," from Medieval Latin supervidere "oversee, inspect," from Latin super "over" (see super-) + videre "to see" (from PIE root *weid- "to see"). Meaning "examine the condition of" is from mid-15c. That of "to take linear measurements of a tract of ground" is recorded from 1540s. Related: Surveyed; surveying; surveyance (late 14c.).

survey (n.)

late 15c., survei, "oversight, supervision," from survey (v.). The meaning "act of viewing in detail" is from 1540s. Meaning "systematic collection of data on opinions, etc." is attested from 1927.

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Definitions of survey
1
survey (v.)
consider in a comprehensive way;
Synonyms: appraise
survey (v.)
look over carefully or inspect;
He surveyed his new classmates
survey (v.)
keep under surveillance;
Synonyms: surveil / follow
survey (v.)
hold a review (of troops);
Synonyms: review / go over
survey (v.)
make a survey of; for statistical purposes;
survey (v.)
plot a map of (land);
2
survey (n.)
a detailed critical inspection;
Synonyms: study
survey (n.)
short descriptive summary (of events);
Synonyms: sketch / resume
survey (n.)
the act of looking or seeing or observing;
his survey of the battlefield was limited
Synonyms: view / sight
From wordnet.princeton.edu