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surround (v.)

early 15c., surrounden, "to flood, overflow," from Anglo-French surounder, Old French soronder, suronder "to overflow, abound; surpass, dominate," from Late Latin superundare "overflow," from Latin super "over" (see super-) + undare "to flow in waves," from unda "wave" (from PIE root *wed- (1) "water; wet;" compare abound). Sense of "to shut in on all sides" first recorded 1610s, influenced by figurative meaning in French of "dominate," and by sound association with round, which also influenced the spelling of the English word from 17c. Related: Surrounded; surrounding.

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Definitions of surround from WordNet
1
surround (v.)
extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle;
The forest surrounds my property
Synonyms: environ / ring / skirt / border
surround (v.)
envelop completely;
Synonyms: smother
surround (v.)
surround so as to force to give up;
Synonyms: besiege / beleaguer / hem in / circumvent
surround (v.)
surround with a wall in order to fortify;
Synonyms: wall / palisade / fence / fence in
2
surround (n.)
the area in which something exists or lives;
the country--the flat agricultural surround
From wordnet.princeton.edu