Etymology
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surrender (v.)

mid-15c., "to give (something) up," from Old French surrendre "give up, deliver over" (13c.), from sur- "over" (see sur- (1)) + rendre "give back" (see render (v.)). Reflexive sense of "to give oneself up" (especially as a prisoner) is from 1580s. Related: Surrendered; surrendering.

surrender (n.)

early 15c., in law, "a giving up" (of an estate, land grant, interest in property, etc.), from Anglo-French surrendre, Old French surrendre noun use of infinitive, "give up, deliver over" (see surrender (v.)).

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Definitions of surrender
1
surrender (n.)
acceptance of despair;
Synonyms: resignation
surrender (n.)
a verbal act of admitting defeat;
Synonyms: giving up / yielding
surrender (n.)
the delivery of a principal into lawful custody;
surrender (n.)
the act of surrendering (usually under agreed conditions);
Synonyms: capitulation / fall
2
surrender (v.)
give up or agree to forgo to the power or possession of another;
The last Taleban fighters finally surrendered
Synonyms: give up
surrender (v.)
relinquish possession or control over;
The squatters had to surrender the building after the police moved in
Synonyms: cede / deliver / give up
From wordnet.princeton.edu