Etymology
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surgery (n.)

c. 1300, sirgirie, "medical treatment of an operative nature, such as cutting-operations, setting of fractures, etc.," from Old French surgerie, surgeure, contraction of serurgerie, from Late Latin chirurgia "surgery," from Greek kheirourgia, from kheirourgos "working or done by hand," from kheir "hand" (from PIE root *ghes- "the hand") + ergon "work" (from PIE root *werg- "to do").

According to OED, the British sense of "session at which a Member of Parliament (or other public servant) is available locally to be consulted by constituents" is by 1951, from an extended sense in medical practice of "regular session at which a doctor receives patients for consultation" in a room or den set aside for that purpose called a surgery (by 1846). The word has been extended in Britain to other free consultations for advice.

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Definitions of surgery

surgery (n.)
the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures;
he is professor of surgery at the Harvard Medical School
surgery (n.)
a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted;
he read the warning in the doctor's surgery
surgery (n.)
a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations;
Synonyms: operating room / or / operating theater / operating theatre
surgery (n.)
a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body;
he died while undergoing surgery
Synonyms: operation / surgical operation / surgical procedure / surgical process
From wordnet.princeton.edu