Etymology
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surgeon (n.)

c. 1300, sorgien, cirurgian "person who heals by manual operation on the patient," from Anglo-French surgien (13c.), from Old French surgien, cirurgien (13c.), from cirurgie "surgery," from Latin chirurgia "surgery," from Greek kheirourgia, from kheirourgos "working or done by hand," from kheir "hand" (from PIE root *ghes- "the hand") + ergon "work" (from PIE root *werg- "to do").

updated on November 13, 2017

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Definitions of surgeon from WordNet

surgeon (n.)
a physician who specializes in surgery;
Synonyms: operating surgeon / sawbones
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.