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surge (n.)

late 15c., "fountain, stream," of uncertain origin, probably from French sourge-, stem of sourdre "to rise, swell," from Latin surgere "to rise, arise, get up, mount up, ascend; attack," contraction of surrigere, from assimilated form of sub "up from below" (see sub-) + regere "to keep straight, guide" (from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line," with derivatives meaning "to direct in a straight line," thus "to lead, rule"). Meaning "high, rolling swell of water" is from 1520s; figurative sense of "excited rising up" (as of feelings) is from 1510s.

surge (v.)

1510s, "to rise and fall," from surge (n.), or from French surgir "rise, ride (as a ship does a wave), spring up, arrive." Meaning "rise high and roll forcefully" is from 1560s. Related: Surged; surging.

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Definitions of surge from WordNet
1
surge (v.)
rise and move, as in waves or billows;
The army surged forward
Synonyms: billow / heave
surge (v.)
rise rapidly;
Synonyms: soar / soar up / soar upwards / zoom
surge (v.)
rise or move forward;
Synonyms: tide
surge (v.)
rise or heave upward under the influence of a natural force such as a wave;
the boats surged
Synonyms: scend
surge (v.)
see one's performance improve;
He levelled the score and then surged ahead
2
surge (n.)
a sudden forceful flow;
Synonyms: rush / spate / upsurge
surge (n.)
a sudden or abrupt strong increase;
stimulated a surge of speculation
Synonyms: upsurge
surge (n.)
a large sea wave;
Synonyms: billow
From wordnet.princeton.edu