Etymology
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suppliant (n.)

early 15c., suppliaunt, "a petitioner at law," from Old French suppliant, variant of soupleiant, noun use of present participle of supplier "to plead humbly, entreat, beg, pray," (Old French souploier, 12c.), from Latin supplicare "beg, beseech" (see supplication). Originally in English especially at law; sense of "humble petitioner" is from mid-16c. As an adjective, "supplicating, entreating" from 1580s. Related: Suppliance; suppliantly.

updated on December 07, 2020

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Definitions of suppliant from WordNet
1
suppliant (n.)
one praying humbly for something;
a suppliant for her favors
Synonyms: petitioner / supplicant / requester
2
suppliant (adj.)
humbly entreating;
a suppliant sinner seeking forgiveness
Synonyms: supplicant / supplicatory
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.