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substantive (adj.)

mid-15c., "standing by itself," from Old French substantif, from Late Latin substantivus "of substance or being, self-existent," from Latin substantia "being, essence, material" (see substance). The grammatical term (late 14c.) was introduced by the French to denote the noun in contradistinction to the adjective, from Latin nomen substantivum "name or word of substance." Related: Substantival; substantively.

substantive (n.)

in grammatical use, late 14c., short for noun substantive, from Late Latin substantivium, neuter of substantivus "of substance or being" (see substantive (adj.)). Latin nomen substantivum was "name or word of substance."

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Definitions of substantive from WordNet
1
substantive (adj.)
of or relating to the real nature or essential elements of something;
Synonyms: substantial
substantive (adj.)
defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established;
substantive law
Synonyms: essential
substantive (adj.)
being on topic and prompting thought;
Synonyms: meaty
2
substantive (n.)
any word or group of words functioning as a noun;
From wordnet.princeton.edu