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string (n.)

Old English streng "line, cord, thread, string of a bow or harp," in plural "tackle, rigging; lineage, race," from Proto-Germanic *strangiz (source also of Old Norse strengr, Danish streng, Middle Dutch strenge, Dutch streng, Old High German strang, German Strang "rope, cord"), from *strang- "taut, stiff," from PIE root *strenk- "tight, narrow." Gradually restricted by early Middle English to lines that are smaller than a rope. Sense of "a number of objects arranged in a line" first recorded late 15c.

Old English meaning "ligaments, tendons" is preserved in hamstring (n.), heart-strings. Meaning "limitations, stipulations" (1888) is American English, probably from the common April Fool's joke of leaving a purse that appears to be full of money on the sidewalk, then tugging it away with an attached string when someone stoops to pick it up.

To pull strings "control the course of affairs" (1860) is from the notion of puppet theater. First string, second string, etc. in athletics (1863) is from archers' custom of carrying spare bowstrings in the event that one breaks. Strings "stringed instruments" is attested from mid-14c. String bean is from 1759; string bikini is from 1974.

string (v.)

c. 1400, "to fit a bow with a string," from string (n.). Meaning "to thread (beads, etc.) on a string" is from 1610s. Of musical instruments from 1520s (stringed instrument is from c. 1600). To string (someone) along is slang from 1902; string (v.) in the sense "deceive" is attested in British dialect from c. 1812; perhaps ultimately from the musical instrument sense and with a notion of "to 'tune' someone (for some purpose)." Related: Stringed (later strung); stringing.

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Definitions of string from WordNet
1
string (n.)
a lightweight cord;
Synonyms: twine
string (n.)
stringed instruments that are played with a bow;
the strings played superlatively well
Synonyms: bowed stringed instrument
string (n.)
a tightly stretched cord of wire or gut, as a part of an instrument or a tennis racket;
string (n.)
a sequentially ordered set of things or events or ideas in which each successive member is related to the preceding;
a string of islands
Synonyms: train
string (n.)
a linear sequence (as of characters, words, proteins, etc.);
string (n.)
a tie consisting of a cord that goes through a seam around an opening;
Synonyms: drawstring / drawing string
string (n.)
a tough piece of fiber in vegetables, meat, or other food (especially the tough fibers connecting the two halves of a bean pod);
string (n.)
(cosmology) a hypothetical one-dimensional subatomic particle having a concentration of energy and the dynamic properties of a flexible loop;
Synonyms: cosmic string
string (n.)
a collection of objects threaded on a single strand;
string (n.)
a necklace made by stringing objects together;
a string of beads
Synonyms: chain / strand
2
string (v.)
thread on or as if on a string;
the child drew glass beads on a string
string pearls on a string
Synonyms: thread / draw
string (v.)
add as if on a string;
string up these songs and you'll have a musical
string these ideas together
Synonyms: string up
string (v.)
move or come along;
Synonyms: string along
string (v.)
stretch out or arrange like a string;
string (v.)
string together; tie or fasten with a string;
string the package
string (v.)
remove the stringy parts of;
string beans
string (v.)
provide with strings;
string my guitar
From wordnet.princeton.edu