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stop (v.)

Old English -stoppian (in forstoppian "to stop up, stifle"), a general West Germanic word, cognate with Old Saxon stuppon, West Frisian stopje, Middle Low German stoppen, Old High German stopfon, German stopfen "to plug, stop up," Old Low Frankish (be)stuppon "to stop (the ears)."

These words are said by many sources to be a Germanic borrowing of Vulgar Latin *stuppare "to stop or stuff with tow or oakum" (source of Italian stoppare, French étouper "to stop with tow"), from Latin stuppa "coarse part of flax, tow." In support of this theory, it is said that plugs made of tow were used from ancient times in Rhine valley. Century Dictionary says this "suits phonetically," but "is on grounds of meaning somewhat doubtful." Barnhart, for one, proposes the whole Germanic group might be native, from a base *stoppon.

Sense of "bring or come to a halt, discontinue" (mid-15c.) is from notion of preventing a flow by blocking a hole, and the word's development in this sense is unique to English, though it since has been widely adopted in other languages; perhaps influenced by Latin stupere "be stunned, be stupefied." Intransitive meaning "check oneself" is from 1680s. Meaning "make a halt or stay, tarry" is from 1711. Stop-light is from 1922; stop-sign is from 1918. Stop-motion is from 1851, originally of looms. Related: Stopped; stopping.

stop (n.)

late 14c., "a plug;" mid-15c., "a cessation," from stop (v.). Of mechanisms of musical instruments from c. 1500, especially of organs, where opening them makes it produce more sound, hence figurative phrase pull out the stops (1909). From 1660s in phonetics, 1831 in photography. Meaning "a stopping place" is from 1889. To put a stop to some activity is from 1670s (earlier give a stop to, 1580s).

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Definitions of stop
1
stop (v.)
come to a halt, stop moving;
She stopped in front of a store window
the car stopped
Synonyms: halt
stop (v.)
put an end to a state or an activity;
Synonyms: discontinue / cease / give up / quit / lay off
stop (v.)
stop from happening or developing;
Synonyms: halt / block / kibosh
stop (v.)
interrupt a trip;
they stopped for three days in Florence
we stopped at Aunt Mary's house
Synonyms: stop over
stop (v.)
cause to stop;
stop the thief
stop a car
stop (v.)
prevent completion;
stop the project
Synonyms: break / break off / discontinue
stop (v.)
hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;
Synonyms: check / turn back / arrest / contain / hold back
stop (v.)
seize on its way;
Synonyms: intercept
stop (v.)
have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical;
Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other
Synonyms: end / finish / terminate / cease
stop (v.)
render unsuitable for passage;
stop the busy road
Synonyms: barricade / block / blockade / block off / block up / bar
stop (v.)
stop and wait, as if awaiting further instructions or developments;
Synonyms: hold on
2
stop (n.)
the event of something ending;
it came to a stop at the bottom of the hill
Synonyms: halt
stop (n.)
the act of stopping something;
the third baseman made some remarkable stops
Synonyms: stoppage
stop (n.)
a brief stay in the course of a journey;
Synonyms: stopover / layover
stop (n.)
the state of inactivity following an interruption;
he spent the entire stop in his seat
Synonyms: arrest / check / halt / hitch / stay / stoppage
stop (n.)
a spot where something halts or pauses;
his next stop is Atlanta
stop (n.)
a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it;
his stop consonants are too aspirated
Synonyms: stop consonant / occlusive / plosive consonant / plosive speech sound / plosive
stop (n.)
a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations;
in England they call a period a stop
Synonyms: period / point / full stop / full point
stop (n.)
(music) a knob on an organ that is pulled to change the sound quality from the organ pipes;
the organist pulled out all the stops
stop (n.)
a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens;
Synonyms: diaphragm
stop (n.)
a restraint that checks the motion of something;
he used a book as a stop to hold the door open
Synonyms: catch
stop (n.)
an obstruction in a pipe or tube;
From wordnet.princeton.edu