Etymology
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stoic (n.)

late 14c., "philosopher of the school founded by Zeno," from Latin stoicus, from Greek stoikos "pertaining to a member of or the teachings of the school founded by Zeno (c. 334-c. 262 B.C.E.), characterized by austere ethical doctrines," literally "pertaining to a portico," from stoa "porch," specifically Stoa Poikile "the Painted Porch," the great hall in Athens (decorated with frescoes depicting the Battle of Marathon) where Zeno taught (see stoa). Meaning "person who represses feelings or endures patiently" first recorded 1570s. The adjective is recorded from 1590s in the "repressing feelings" sense, c. 1600 in the philosophical sense. Compare stoical.

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Definitions of stoic
1
stoic (n.)
someone who is seemingly indifferent to emotions;
Synonyms: unemotional person
2
stoic (adj.)
seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive;
stoic patience
stoic courage
Synonyms: stoical
3
Stoic (n.)
a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno;
4
Stoic (adj.)
pertaining to Stoicism or its followers;
From wordnet.princeton.edu