Etymology
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stock (n.1)

Old English stocc "stump, post, stake, tree trunk, log," also "pillory" (usually plural, stocks), from Proto-Germanic *stauk- "tree trunk" (source also of Old Norse stokkr "block of wood, trunk of a tree," Old Saxon, Old Frisian stok, Middle Dutch stoc "tree trunk, stump," Dutch stok "stick, cane," Old High German stoc "tree trunk, stick," German Stock "stick, cane;" also Dutch stuk, German Stück "piece"), from an extended form of PIE root *(s)teu- (1) "to push, stick, knock, beat" (see steep (adj.)).

Meaning "ancestry, family" (late 14c.) is a figurative use of the "tree trunk" sense (as in family tree). This is also the root of the meaning "heavy part of a tool," and "part of a rifle held against the shoulder" (1540s). Meaning "person as dull and senseless as a block or log" is from c. 1300; hence "a dull recipient of action or notice" (1540s).

Meaning "framework on which a boat was constructed" (early 15c.) led to figurative phrase on stocks "planned and commenced" (1660s). Taking stock "making an inventory" is attested from 1736. Stock, lock, and barrel "the whole of a thing" is recorded from 1817. Stock-still (late 15c.) is literally "as still as a tree trunk."

stock (n.2)

"supply for future use" (early 15c.), "sum of money" (mid-15c.), Middle English developments of stock (n.1), but the ultimate sense connection is uncertain. Perhaps the notion is of the "trunk" from which gains are an outgrowth, or from stock (n.1) in obsolete sense of "money-box" (c. 1400). Meaning "subscribed capital of a corporation" is from 1610s.

In stock "in the possession of a trader" is from 1610s. Meaning "broth made by boiling meat or vegetables" is from 1764. Theatrical use, in reference to a company regularly acting together at a given theater, is attested from 1761. Figurative phrase take stock in "regard as important" is from 1870. As the collective term for the movable property of a farm, it is recorded from 1510s; hence livestock.

stock (v.)

"to supply (a store) with stock," 1620s, from stock (n.2). Meaning "to lay up in store" is from c. 1700. Earliest sense is "to imprison in stocks" (early 14c.). Related: Stocked; stocking.

stock (adj.)

in reference to conversation, literature, "recurring, commonplace" (as in stock phrase), 1738, figurative use from sense "kept in store for constant use" (1620s), from stock (n.2).

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Definitions of stock
1
stock (n.)
the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity);
he owns a controlling share of the company's stock
stock (n.)
the merchandise that a shop has on hand;
Synonyms: inventory
stock (n.)
the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun;
the rifle had been fitted with a special stock
Synonyms: gunstock
stock (n.)
a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation;
the value of his stocks doubled during the past year
Synonyms: stock certificate
stock (n.)
a supply of something available for future use;
Synonyms: store / fund
stock (n.)
the descendants of one individual;
Synonyms: lineage / line / line of descent / descent / bloodline / blood line / blood / pedigree / ancestry / origin / parentage / stemma
stock (n.)
a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
Synonyms: breed / strain
stock (n.)
liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces;
she made gravy with a base of beef stock
Synonyms: broth
stock (n.)
the reputation and popularity a person has;
his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor
stock (n.)
persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant;
Synonyms: caudex
stock (n.)
a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants;
stock (n.)
any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers;
Synonyms: gillyflower
stock (n.)
any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia;
Synonyms: Malcolm stock
stock (n.)
lumber used in the construction of something;
they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter
stock (n.)
the handle end of some implements or tools;
he grabbed the cue by the stock
stock (n.)
an ornamental white cravat;
Synonyms: neckcloth
stock (n.)
any animals kept for use or profit;
Synonyms: livestock / farm animal
2
stock (v.)
have on hand;
Synonyms: carry / stockpile
stock (v.)
equip with a stock;
stock a rifle
stock (v.)
supply with fish;
stock a lake
stock (v.)
supply with livestock;
stock a farm
stock (v.)
amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use;
let's stock coffee as long as prices are low
Synonyms: buy in / stock up
stock (v.)
provide or furnish with a stock of something;
stock the larder with meat
stock (v.)
put forth and grow sprouts or shoots;
Synonyms: sprout
3
stock (adj.)
repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse;
a stock answer
Synonyms: banal / commonplace / hackneyed / old-hat / shopworn / threadbare / timeworn / tired / trite / well-worn
stock (adj.)
routine;
a stock answer
stock (adj.)
regularly and widely used or sold;
a stock item
Synonyms: standard
From wordnet.princeton.edu