Etymology
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sterility (n.)

early 15c., sterilite, "infertility, barrenness, incapacity to produce children," from Old French sterilite, from Latin sterilitatem (nominative sterilitas) "unfruitfulness, barrenness," from sterilis (see sterile).

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Definitions of sterility

sterility (n.)
(of non-living objects) the state of being free of pathogenic organisms;
Synonyms: asepsis / antisepsis / sterileness
sterility (n.)
the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate;
Synonyms: infertility
From wordnet.princeton.edu