Etymology
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Words related to star

*ster- (2)

Proto-Indo-European root meaning "star." Buck and others doubt the old suggestion that it is a borrowing from Akkadian istar "venus." The source of the common Balto-Slavic word for "star" (Lithuanian žvaigždė, Old Church Slavonic zvezda, Polish gwiazda, Russian zvezda) is not explained.

It forms all or part of: aster; asterisk; asterism; asteroid; astral; astro-; astrobiology; astrobleme; astrognosy; astroid; astrolabe; astrolatry; astrology; astromancy; astronaut; astronomy; AstroTurf; constellation; disaster; Estella; Esther; instellation; interstellar; lodestar; star; stardust; starfish; starlet; starlight; starry; stellar; stellate.

It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit star-; Hittite shittar, Greek aster "star," with derivative astron; Latin stella, Breton sterenn, Welsh seren "star."

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co-star 

also costar, 1915 as a noun; 1916 as a verb; from co- + star (v.).

all-star (adj.)

1893, originally of theatrical casts, from all + star (n.) in the "celebrated person" sense. From 1898 in reference to sports teams.

lodestar (n.)

late 14c. (late 13c. as a surname), "a star that leads or serves to guide," an old name for the pole star as the star that "leads the way" in navigation; from lode (n.) "a way, a course, something to be followed" (a Middle English variant spelling of load (n.) that preserved the original Old English sense of that noun) + star (n.). Figurative use from late 14c. Compare lodestone. Similar formation in Old Norse leiðarstjarna, German Leitstern, Danish ledestjerne.

pole-star (n.)

the North Star, the brightest star situated near the north pole of the heavens (see Polaris), 1550s, from pole (n.2) + star (n.).

protostar (n.)

in astronomy, "contracting mass of gas considered as an early stage in the formation of a star," by 1951, from proto- + star (n.).

stardom (n.)

1860 in reference to celebrity, from star (n.) + -dom. From 1856 in reference to the celestial sort.

stardust (n.)

also star-dust, 1836 in reference to irresolvable nebulas among star-fields in telescopic views; 1868 as "meteoric dust," from star (n.) + dust (n.).

starfish (n.)

also star-fish, 1530s, from star (n.) + fish (n.). Greek astēr also was "a starfish."

star-fruit (n.)

Damasonium stellatum, 1857, from star (n.) + fruit (n.). So called for its shape.