Etymology
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standing (n.)

late 14c., verbal noun from stand (v.). In the sense of "rank, status," it is first recorded 1570s. Sense of "state of having existed for some time" is 1650s. Legal sense is first recorded 1924. Sports sense is from 1881. To be in good standing is from 1789. Standing room is from 1788, originally in reference to theaters. SRO for "standing room only" is attested by 1890.

A young gentleman attempting to get into Drury-lane play-house, found there was such a croud of people that there was no room. Just without the door, a damsel of the town accosted him with 'can't you get in, sir?' to which he replied in the negative. 'If you'll go along with me, resumed she you may get in very easily, for I can furnish you with very good standing room.' ["The Banquet of Wit, or A Feast for the Polite World," London, 1790]

standing (adj.)

late 14c., "at rest, motionless," also "permanent, not transient," present-participle adjective from stand (v.). Meaning "having an erect position, upright" is from 1570s; that of "done while standing" is from 1630s. The sense in standing army (c. 1600) is "permanent." Standing ovation is from 1902.

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Definitions of standing
1
standing (adj.)
having a supporting base;
a standing lamp
standing (adj.)
executed in or initiated from a standing position;
a standing jump
race from a standing start
a standing ovation
standing (adj.)
(of fluids) not moving or flowing;
mosquitoes breed in standing water
standing (adj.)
not created for a particular occasion;
a standing committee
standing (adj.)
(of persons) on the feet; having the torso in an erect position supported by straight legs;
standing room only
standing (adj.)
permanent;
a standing army
2
standing (n.)
social or financial or professional status or reputation;
of equal standing
a member in good standing
standing (n.)
an ordered listing of scores or results showing the relative positions of competitors (individuals or teams) in a sporting event;
standing (n.)
the act of assuming or maintaining an erect upright position;
From wordnet.princeton.edu