Etymology
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stamp (v.)

Old English stempan "to pound in a mortar," from Proto-Germanic *stamp- (source also of Old Norse stappa, Danish stampe, Middle Dutch stampen, Old High German stampfon, German stampfen "to stamp with the foot, beat, pound," German Stampfe "pestle"), from nasalized form of PIE root *stebh- "to support, place firmly on" (source also of Greek stembein "to trample, misuse;" see staff (n.)). The vowel altered in Middle English, perhaps by influence of Scandinavian forms.

Sense of "strike the foot forcibly downwards" is from mid-14c. The meaning "impress or mark (something) with a die" is first recorded 1550s. Italian stampa "stamp, impression," Spanish estampar "to stamp, print," French étamper (13c., Old French estamper) "to stamp, impress" are Germanic loan-words. Related: Stamped; stamping. To stamp out originally was "extinguish a fire by stamping on it;" attested from 1851 in the figurative sense. Stamping ground "one's particular territory" (1821) is from the notion of animals. A stamped addressed envelope (1873) was one you enclosed in a letter to speed or elicit a reply.

stamp (n.)

mid-15c., "instrument for crushing, stamping tool," from stamp (v.). Especially "instrument for making impressions" (1570s). Meaning "downward thrust or blow with the foot, act of stamping" is from 1580s. Sense of "official mark or imprint" (to certify that duty has been paid on what has been printed or written) dates from 1540s; transferred 1837 to designed, pre-printed adhesive labels issued by governments to serve the same purpose as impressed stamps. German Stempel "rubber stamp, brand, postmark" represents a diminutive form. Stamp-collecting is from 1862 (compare philately).

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Definitions of stamp
1
stamp (v.)
walk heavily;
Synonyms: stomp / stump
stamp (v.)
to mark, or produce an imprint in or on something;
a man whose name is permanently stamped on our maps
stamp (v.)
reveal clearly as having a certain character;
His playing stamps him as a Romantic
stamp (v.)
affix a stamp to;
Are the letters properly stamped?
stamp (v.)
treat or classify according to a mental stereotype;
Synonyms: pigeonhole / stereotype
stamp (v.)
destroy or extinguish as if by stamping with the foot;
stamp out tyranny
stamp (v.)
form or cut out with a mold, form, or die;
stamp needles
stamp (v.)
crush or grind with a heavy instrument;
stamp fruit extract the juice
stamp (v.)
raise in a relief;
Synonyms: emboss / boss
2
stamp (n.)
the distinctive form in which a thing is made;
Synonyms: cast / mold / mould
stamp (n.)
a type or class;
more men of his stamp are needed
stamp (n.)
a symbol that is the result of printing or engraving;
he put his stamp on the envelope
Synonyms: impression
stamp (n.)
a small adhesive token stuck on a letter or package to indicate that that postal fees have been paid;
Synonyms: postage / postage stamp
stamp (n.)
something that can be used as an official medium of payment;
Synonyms: tender / legal tender
stamp (n.)
a small piece of adhesive paper that is put on an object to show that a government tax has been paid;
Synonyms: revenue stamp
stamp (n.)
machine consisting of a heavy bar that moves vertically for pounding or crushing ores;
Synonyms: pestle
stamp (n.)
a block or die used to imprint a mark or design;
stamp (n.)
a device incised to make an impression; used to secure a closing or to authenticate documents;
Synonyms: seal
From wordnet.princeton.edu