Etymology
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stalk (n.)

"stem of a plant," early 14c., probably a diminutive (with -k suffix) of stale "one of the uprights of a ladder, handle, stalk," from Old English stalu "wooden part" (of a tool or instrument), from Proto-Germanic *stalla- (source also of Old English steala "stalk, support," steall "place"), from PIE *stol-no-, suffixed form of *stol-, variant of root *stel- "to put, stand, put in order," with derivatives referring to a standing object or place. Of similar structures in animals from 1826.

stalk (v.1)

"pursue stealthily," Old English -stealcian, as in bestealcian "to steal along, walk warily," from Proto-Germanic *stalkon, frequentative of PIE *stel-, possibly a variant of *ster- (3) "to rob, steal" (see steal (v.)). Compare hark/hear, talk/tell). In another view the Old English word might be by influenced of stalk (n.). Meaning "harass obsessively" first recorded 1991. Related: Stalked; stalking.

A stalking-horse in literal use was a horse draped in trappings and trained to allow a fowler to conceal himself behind it to get within range of the game; figurative sense of "person who participates in a proceeding to disguise its real purpose" is recorded from 1610s.

stalk (v.2)

"walk haughtily" (nearly the opposite meaning of stalk (v.1)), 1520s, perhaps from stalk (n.) with a notion of "long, awkward strides," or from Old English stealcung "a stalking, act of going stealthily," related to stealc "steep, lofty."

updated on April 11, 2020

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Definitions of stalk from WordNet
1
stalk (n.)
material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds;
Synonyms: chaff / husk / shuck / straw / stubble
stalk (n.)
a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ;
Synonyms: stem
stalk (n.)
a hunt for game carried on by following it stealthily or waiting in ambush;
Synonyms: stalking / still hunt
stalk (n.)
the act of following prey stealthily;
Synonyms: stalking
stalk (n.)
a stiff or threatening gait;
Synonyms: angry walk
2
stalk (v.)
walk stiffly;
stalk (v.)
follow stealthily or recur constantly and spontaneously to;
her ex-boyfriend stalked her
Synonyms: haunt
stalk (v.)
go through (an area) in search of prey;
stalk the woods for deer
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.