Etymology
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sprout (v.)

Old English -sprutan (in asprutan "to sprout"), from Proto-Germanic *sprut- (source also of Old Saxon sprutan, Old Frisian spruta, Middle Dutch spruten, Old High German spriozan, German sprießen "to sprout"), from PIE *spreud-, extended form of root *sper- "to strew" (perhaps also the source of Old English spreawlian "to sprawl," sprædan "to spread," spreot "pole;" Armenian sprem "scatter;" Old Lithuanian sprainas "staring, opening wide one's eyes;" Lettish spriežu "I span, I measure"). Related: Sprouted; sprouting.

sprout (n.)

"shoot of a plant, sprout; a twig," Old English sprota, from the verb (see sprout (v.)). Cognate with Middle Dutch spruyte, Dutch spruite "a sprout," Old Norse sproti, German Sproß.

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Definitions of sprout
1
sprout (v.)
produce buds, branches, or germinate;
the potatoes sprouted
Synonyms: shoot / spud / germinate / pullulate / bourgeon / burgeon forth
sprout (v.)
put forth and grow sprouts or shoots;
the plant sprouted early this year
Synonyms: stock
2
sprout (n.)
any new growth of a plant such as a new branch or a bud;
sprout (n.)
a newly grown bud (especially from a germinating seed);
From wordnet.princeton.edu