Etymology
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sprinkle (v.)

late 14c. (implied in sprinkled), frequentative of sprenge (see spring (v.)) or via Middle Dutch, Middle Low German sprenkel "spot, speck," from PIE root *(s)preg- "to jerk, scatter" (source also of Latin spargere "to scatter, sprinkle"). The meaning "rain lightly" is first recorded 1778.

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Definitions of sprinkle
1
sprinkle (v.)
distribute loosely;
Synonyms: scatter / dot / dust / disperse
sprinkle (v.)
cause (a liquid) to spatter about, especially with force;
Synonyms: splash / splosh
sprinkle (v.)
rain gently;
It has only sprinkled, but the roads are slick
Synonyms: spit / spatter / patter / pitter-patter
sprinkle (v.)
scatter with liquid; wet lightly;
Synonyms: sparge / besprinkle
2
sprinkle (n.)
a light shower that falls in some locations and not others nearby;
Synonyms: scattering / sprinkling
sprinkle (n.)
the act of sprinkling or splashing water;
Synonyms: sprinkling / sparge
From wordnet.princeton.edu