Etymology
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sprat (n.)

small European herring, 1590s, variant of sprot (c. 1300), from Old English sprott "a small herring," according to Klein related to Dutch sprot and probably connected to sprout (v.).

updated on November 13, 2013

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Definitions of sprat from WordNet

sprat (n.)
small fatty European fish; usually smoked or canned like sardines;
Synonyms: brisling
sprat (n.)
small herring processed like a sardine;
Synonyms: brisling / Clupea sprattus
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.